Human and animal wastes are a primary source of bacteria in water. These sources of bacterial contamination include runoff from feedlots, pastures, dog runs, and other land areas where animal wastes are deposited. Additional sources include seepage or discharge from septic tanks, sewage treatment facilities, and natural soil/plant bacteria. Bacteria from these sources can enter wells that are either open at the land surface or do not have water-tight casings or caps.
Various types of bacteria/viruses are categorized as pathogens, disease-causing organisms that can be found in pretreated and/or inadequately treated water
Legionella, (bacteria) typically in water, thrives in warm waters and inhaled, resulting in a type of pneumonia known as Legionnaires disease.
Enteroviruses, (viruses), such as polioviruses, echoviruses and coxsackieviruses, living in the intestines of infected humans or animals; in addition to the three different polioviruses are 62-nonpolio enteroviruses that can cause disease in humans ranging from gastroenteritis to meningitis.
Cryptosporidium, (parasite) that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis (persistent cough). There are many species of Cryptosporidium that infect animals, some of which also infect humans. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very tolerant to chlorine disinfection.
Giardia is a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal illness known as giardiasis. Giardia (also known as Giardia intestinalis, Giardia lamblia, or Giardia duodenalis) is found on surfaces or in soil, food, or water that has been contaminated with feces (poop) from infected humans or animals. Giardia is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it tolerant to chlorine disinfection. While the parasite can be spread in different ways, water (drinking water and recreational water) is the most common mode of transmission. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very tolerant to chlorine disinfection.
E. coli and fecal coliform are bacteria whose presence can indicate water contaminated by human or animal wastes , causing short-term health effects, including: Cramps, nausea, diarrhea, headaches and more; they may also pose a greater risk for people with severely weak immune systems, elderly, young children and infants.
The amount treatment and type of water treatment can vary depending on the type of bacteria/viruses present.
- UV technology: We recommend that every household should add a UV light for all household water. Too many microbial are becoming resistant to Chlorine disinfection. Proper UV light will sterilize all microbial and Reverse Osmosis will remove them.
- Chlorine: Is typically an effective treatment for bacteria/viruses, but not for protozoans, especially when applied to clarified low turbidity water. (Our most common protozoa is the “infant” stage of green mussels that are common in Canyon Lake and other local surface water.
- Chloramine: Is the product of chlorine and ammonia; it’s known to successfully reduce Legionella counts.
Most City/Municipal water providers have switched to Chloramine for their choice of disinfection. With disinfection comes byproducts that need to removed at the household/business water. Catalytic Carbon removes these byproducts.
Should there be a slip with disinfection at a Public Water source – they are obligated to send out notices, but by that time, “the horses have left the barn”. Having a whole home UV Light will provide security for those uncommon slippages and will also sterilize Cryptosporidium and Giardia that may be in their oocyst stage.
Pure, Clean, Odor free water!